Tuesday, September 21

Quick Ratio | Acid Test

The quick ratio or acid test ratio is a liquidity ratio that steps the capability of a business to cover its existing liabilities if they come because of just rapid shares. Quick shares are assets that may be converted into cash within 90 days or even in the short term. Cash, cash equivalents, short-term investments or marketable securities, and present accounts receivable are considered rapid shares.

Short-term investments or marketable securities comprise trading securities and available for sale securities which may readily be converted to money within the following 90 days. Marketable securities are traded in a growing marketplace using a famous cost and easily available buyers. Any asset in the New York Stock Exchange could be considered a marketable safety since they can readily be offered to some investor once the marketplace is available.

The quick ratio is most frequently referred to as the acid test ratio with regard to the historic usage of acidity to check metals to get gold from the ancient miners. In the event the metal handed the acid test, it had been pure gold. If metal collapsed the acid test from corroding in the acidity, it turned into a foundation metal and of no worth.

The acid test of funds demonstrates just how well a firm can convert its assets into money so as to repay its existing liabilities. Additionally, it shows the degree of fast shares to current liabilities.


The quick ratio is calculated by including cash, cash equivalents, short term investments, and present receivables collectively then dividing them from obligations.

Quick Ratio - Acid Test

The acid test ratio measures the liquidity of a company by showing its ability to pay off its current liabilities with quick shares. If a firm has enough quick shares to cover its total current liabilities, the firm will be able to pay off its obligations without having to sell off any long-term or capital shares.

Since most businesses use their long-term shares to generate revenues, selling off these capital shares will not only hurt the company it will also show investors that current operations aren’t generating sufficient benefits to pay off obligations.

Higher standards that are fast are somewhat more favorable for businesses since it shows that there are more rapid shares than current liabilities. A firm with a fast ratio of 1 signifies that rapid shares equivalent present assets. This also proves that the business can pay off its existing liabilities without promoting any long term shares. A acid ratio of two demonstrates that the business has twice as numerous fast shares than current liabilities.

Obviously, since the percentage rises so does the liquidity of the provider. More shares will probably be readily converted to money if need be. This is a great indication for investors, however a much greater indication to lenders because lenders wish to know they’ll be repaid on time.


Let’s presume Carole’s Clothing Store is using for a loan to redesign the storefront. The lender asks Carole to get a comprehensive balance sheet, therefore it can calculate the fast ratio. Carole’s balance sheet contained the following balances:

  • Cash: $10,000
  • Accounts Receivable: $5,000
  • Inventory: $5,000
  • Stock Investments: $1,000
  • Prepaid obligations: $500
  • Current Liabilities: $15,000

The lender can calculate Carole’s quick ratio such as this.

Quick Ratio - Acid Test Formula