The StG 44 (abbreviation of Sturmgewehr 44, "assault rifle 44") is a German selective-fire assault rifle developed during World War II by Hugo Schmeisser.
As work moved forward to incorporate this new firing system, development temporarily came to halt when Hitler suspended all new rifle programs due to administrative infighting within the Third Reich.  Developed from the Mkb 42(H) "machine carbine", the StG 44 combined the characteristics of a carbine, submachine gun, and automatic rifle.
Kits were distributed to convert M1 carbines to M2s. , At the end of the war, Hugo Schmeisser claimed that 424,000 MP 43/MP 44/StG 44 rifles were built between June 1943 and April 1945 in four plants: 185,000 by C.G. German ammunition maker Polte of Magdeburg was commissioned to develop the rounds in April 1938 and signed a contract with the Heereswaffenamt (HWA). The 7.62×39mm cartridge, however, was more directly influenced by the 7.92×33mm cartridge used in the StG 44. While these were easier to handle and increased the individual firepower of each soldier, they had a limited range and were inaccurate beyond 110 yards. The StG 44 was the first successful assault rifle, with features including a relatively short cartridge, controllable automatic fire, a more compact design than a battle rifle with a quicker rate of fire, and intended for hitting targets within a few hundred metres. HMG will NOT ship any firearms to the following areas: ***Colorado/Hawaii Residents: Any firearm from HMG will ship with a 10 Round limited magazine only***, Hill & Mac Gunworks © 2020.  It is still used in very limited numbers by militia and insurgent forces in the Middle East as well as some countries in the Horn of Africa. Both designs were similar, using a gas-operated action, with selective fire. These cheap, mass-produced weapons used a 71-round drum magazine or 35-round box magazine and though shorter-ranged than the Kar 98k rifle, were more effective weapons in close-quarter engagements.
At the same time, the HWA contracted C. G. Haenel of Suhl to create a weapon for the round. StG 44s have been confiscated from militia groups by U.S. forces in Iraq. Captured StG 44 were used by Polish partisan groups during World War II, including Warsaw Uprising in 1944, although they were not a commonly captured weapon.
Numerous reports and company correspondence reveal frequent presentation of the rifle's stages of development to Hitler.  Other countries to use the StG 44 after World War II included Czechoslovakia (although it was not officially adopted) and Yugoslavia, where units such as the 63rd Paratroop Battalion were equipped with it until the 1980s, when the rifles were ultimately transferred to Territorial Defense reserves or sold to friendly regimes in the Middle East and Africa. This was beyond the range a shooter could engage a target with open sights, as at that range a man-sized target would be completely blocked by the front sight blade. The Kar 98k was retained as a specialist weapon for sniping and launching rifle grenades, while MP 40s were used by vehicle and artillery crews and officers. 4, January, 2004, Barnes, Frank C. (1997) . It’s a rifle that’s on my wish list that I will never get to own. One of these, the VG 1-5 (Volkssturmgewehr 1-5), used a gas-delayed blowback action based on the Barnitzke system, whereby gas bled from the barrel near the chamber created resistance to the rearward impulse of the operating parts, which ceases when the projectile leaves the muzzle, allowing the operating parts to be forced rearward by the residual pressure of the cartridge case. The operating principle lived on in postwar designs from CEAM/AME, CETME, and most famously, Heckler & Koch.
However, tens of thousands of Sturmgewehrs were captured by the Soviets and were likely provided to Kalashnikov and his team, so it is likely that he knew of it while designing the AK-47. While the StG 44 had less range and power than the more powerful infantry rifles of the day, Army studies had shown that few combat engagements occurred at more than 300 metres (330 yd) and the majority within 200 metres (220 yd). After World War II, the StG44 was retained for use by the East German Nationale Volksarmee (People's Army) until it was replaced by the AK-47. Assessing the data from these trials, it was determined that the weapon would perform better with a hammer firing system operating from a closed bolt, rather than the open bolt, striker system initially designed by Haenel. 7.92mm Kurz ammunition is currently manufactured by Prvi Partizan of Serbia. As work moved forward to incorporate this new firing system, development halted when Hitler suspended all new rifle programs due to administrative infighting within the Third Reich. Rather than being opposed to the entire idea, his apprehension seemed to be from reluctance to send a new weapon to the front in too small numbers.
Now we know that most of y'all are not the type to get excited over pumpkin spice latt... Hello all and Happy Birthday America! The AK-47 used a similar-sized intermediate round and followed the design concept, but utilized a rotating bolt as a part of its firing action. In addition, the Soviet Union exported captured StG44s to its client states including Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia, as well as supplied the rifle to friendly guerrilla and insurgent groups. In a somewhat unrelated development, Mauser continued design work on a series of experimental weapons in an effort to produce an acceptable service-wide rifle for the short cartridge system.
By 1941, it was becoming clear that action needed to be taken. The side of the receiver is stamped with the serial number 1899g/44 (indicating production in 1944) with the model "MP44" stamped farther down the receiver. Full-power rifle cartridges were excessive for most uses for the average soldier. Prepared for the President's Blue Ribbon Defense Panel", "The FRANCHI LF58 Carbine and the FRANCHI LF59 Assault Rifle", "WWII German weapons during the Vietnam War", Meet the StG-44: The First Assault Rifle Ever, The real story behind the legendary StG-44, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=StG_44&oldid=985551396, Weapons and ammunition introduced in 1943, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from January 2012, Articles with German-language sources (de), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Adjustable sights, rear: V-notch; front: hooded post, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 16:27. McPherson, M.L. The meeting concluded that the 7.92 mm cartridge was an important development and that the Soviets needed to design a reduced-power round. Among the attachments available for the StG44 was the Krummlauf, a bent barrel that permitted firing around corners.  It was understood that this was not ideal, but it would minimize logistical problems. ", Military Small Arms of the 20th Century, 7th Edition, Ian V. Hogg, page 243, Small Arms Review, Vol. France adopted captured StG 44 for colonial Foreign Legion units..
The user had to carry a transformer backpack powered by a battery fitted inside the gas mask canister.
Industry would not be able to replace some 12 million Kar 98k rifles in a short time, and the already strained logistics structure would have to support another cartridge.
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