inca road system facts
It began in Quito, Ecuador, passed through Cusco, and ended in what is now Tucumán, Argentina. "Spanish chroniclers frequently described lengthy journeys made by the Inca ruler, carried on a litter, and surrounded by thousands of soldiers and retainers, to various parts of his empire.

A bridge across the Apurimac River, west of Cuzco, spanned a distance of 45 meters. The trail starts around Km 82 along the Urubamba River in a zone that the Peruvians call "Quechua": This zone is between 2,300–3,500 m (7,500–11,500 ft) and has temperate, dry weather with average temperatures that range from 0 to 21 °C (32 to 70 °F). Because the Incas did not make use of the wheel for transportation, and did not have horses until the arrival of the Spanish in Peru in the 16th century, the trails were used almost exclusively by people walking, sometimes accompanied by pack animals, usually the llama. These were food items had an extremely long expiration date which made them ideal for long term storage for the military[13], To give an example of the degree to which Incas stored supplies, one facility at Huánuco Pampa totaled as much as 37,100 cubic meters and could support a population of between twelve and fifteen thousand people.

The masonry is extremely well fitted, with no evidence of any mortar being used to keep the stones in place. The true extent of the road network is not completely known, since the Spaniards, post conquest, either dug up the road completely in some areas, or allowed it to deteriorate and fall into ruin under iron-clad horses' hooves, or the metal wheels of ox-carts.[8]. On steep slopes they built stone steps resembling giant flights of stairs. It went across the Andes mountains and reached heights of over 5,000 m (16,500 feet) above sea level. Countries Seek Official Protection for Ancient Inca Road From 1438 to 1532, the mighty Incas ruled the largest pre-Columbian empire in South America from their capital in Cuzco, Peru. Ravines were sometimes crossed by hanging baskets, or oroya, which could span distances of over 50 metres.

The Inca road system covered approximately 22,500 kilometres (14,000 mi) and provided access to over three million km² of territory. [6]:120, These roads provided easy, reliable and quick routes for the Empire's civilian and military communications, personnel movement, and logistical support. By far the most popular of the Inca trails for trekking is the Capaq Nan trail, which leads from the village of Ollantaytambo to Machu Picchu, the so-called "Lost City of the Incas". They were allowed to run on the roads.

[3] The best known portion of the road system is the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. The Inca built a vast network of roads throughout this empire.

A lot of roads. This is the last Inka style bridge in Perù. Many short rock tunnels and vine-supported suspension bridges were constructed. [11], Roads, trails, and bridges were essential to the political cohesion of the Inca state and to the redistribution of goods within it. Messages consisted of knotted-cord records known as quipu along with a spoken message. [1]:242-243, Qollcas were used by the military and were situated along the roads. These shrines were either natural or modified features of the landscape, as well as buildings, where the Inca would visit for worship. Life Styles of the Rich and Famous: Luxury and Daily Life in the Households of Machu Picchu's Elite. The trails connected the regions of the Inca empire from the northern provincial capital in Quito, Ecuador past the modern city of Santiago, Chile in the south. The Q'eswachaka bridge, an Inka suspension (catenary) bridge on the Apurimac River near Huinchiri, Peru. Many new sections were built or upgraded substantially: through Chile's Atacama desert, and along the western margin of Lake Titicaca, serve as two examples.

Many new sections were built or upgraded substantially: through Chile's Atacama desert, and along the western margin of Lake Titicaca, as two examples.

There are many well-preserved ruins along the way, and hundreds of thousands of tourists from around the world make the three- or four-day trek each year, accompanied by guides.

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