how long can you live with a ruptured spleen

You can live without your spleen but you have a much higher risk of infection and need vaccinations to help protect you. By using our website, you consent to our use of cookies. You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. Diseases that can increase the risk of splenic rupture include: The main symptom of a ruptured spleen is severe pain in the abdomen, especially on the left side. We will also learn about treatment and recovery from this injury. Surgery to repair or remove the spleen. In: StatPearls [Internet]. A forceful blow to your abdomen — during a sporting mishap, a fistfight or a car crash, for example — is the usual cause of a ruptured spleen.

A damaged or ruptured spleen. The most important treatment for a ruptured spleen is an early diagnosis. An injury to this layer is usually associated with blunt trauma, but can also occur with conditions that cause splenomegaly (an enlarged spleen).

The spleen damage may be minor and heal on its own, or may be a major injury with significant life threatening internal bleeding that needs emergency surgery to remove the spleen. The pain may also be referred to (felt in) the left shoulder, and can make breathing painful. Perhaps 6-12 months: Most ruptured spleens are due to trauma, in which case most of the time they are surgically removed. To learn more, please visit our. UpToDate. In the case of a ruptured spleen, the most common referred pain is felt in the left shoulder or left side of the chest wall. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 |. Puncture Wounds: Definition, Treatment & Infection, Quiz & Worksheet - Treating Ruptured Spleens, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Internal Bleeding: Signs, Symptoms & Treatments. If you've been diagnosed with an enlarged spleen, ask your doctor whether you need to avoid activities for several weeks that could cause it to rupture. CORONAVIRUS: UPDATED VISITOR RESTRICTIONS, INCREASED SAFETY MEASURES + COVID-19 TESTING. Medical Disclaimer: The information on this site is for your information only and is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Considering trauma is the fourth leading cause of death, that indicates a lot of ruptured spleens and livers. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. As blood enters the abdominal cavity, it can lead to a symptom known as referred pain. The full function of the spleen is still under debate, but we do know it plays a major role in the immune system. It may be tender when you touch the area. Last updated on May 7, 2019. What causes a ruptured spleen? We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.

The spleen is part of the lymphatic system, which helps fight infection and also filters the blood. The spleen can become inflamed and enlarged from infection, cancer, or other diseases. Services. If the bleeding is not severe and the person is stable, they will need to be monitored in the hospital for awhile.

Non-surgical management of a ruptured spleen is the primary option for treatment as long as the patient's blood pressure is stable and there is not severe bleeding. If it's necessary to remove your spleen, you'll be at increased risk of serious infections, such as sepsis. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. These might include contact sports, heavy lifting and other activities that increase the risk of abdominal trauma. Severe blood loss, which can lead to shock. Fainting. In: StatPearls [Internet]. The youngest patient's have the best shot at keeping their spleen without bleeding to death. This is pain that the patient feels somewhere other than where the injury is located. Malaria is another infectious disease associated with a ruptured spleen. has thousands of articles about every

Even if they don't require surgery, they may still have active bleeding and may require blood transfusions. Without emergency treatment, the internal bleeding caused by a ruptured spleen can be life-threatening. The spleen is a very vascular organ and, though well protected by the rib cage, is susceptible to blunt trauma. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Ultrasound is an option but still cannot rule out a ruptured spleen adequately. A ruptured spleen (a fist-sized organ located in the left upper abdomen) occurs when the surface of this organ is injured, which can lead to internal bleeding. Blunt force trauma can result in a ruptured spleen which is life-threatening and requires emergency medical attention. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Updated May 2012. courses that prepare you to earn Won A, Ethell A. Spontaneous splenic rupture resulted from infectious mononucleosis. Int J Surg Case Rep. 2012;3(3):97-99. doi:10.1016/j.ijscr.2011.08.012. Malays J Med Sci. Others heal with rest and time. A ruptured spleen is a medical emergency and may result in death from massive internal bleeding. Let's take a look at what happens when you rupture your spleen. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? The spleen is part of the lymphatic system, which helps fight infection and also filters the blood. Seek emergency care after an injury if your signs and symptoms indicate you may have a ruptured spleen. How long does it take to heal a ruptured spleen? You can also damage or rupture your spleen in an injury, especially if it is already swollen. A splenic injury, which includes a ruptured spleen, is any injury to the spleen. Removing the spleen (splenectomy). Many small or moderate-sized injuries to the spleen can heal without surgery. Of patients with traumatic injuries to multiple body systems, 10 to 12 percent have abdominal trauma. The liver and spleen are the two most commonly injured abdominal organs. In rare cases, a ruptured spleen can occur spontaneously without trauma. In this lesson, we will learn more about complications from a ruptured spleen. So how do we treat this injury? Tests and procedures used to diagnose a ruptured spleen include: Treatment for a ruptured spleen will depend on the severity of your condition. You're likely to stay in the hospital while doctors observe your condition and provide nonsurgical care, such as blood transfusions, if necessary.

If the injury isn't severe, a person will be admitted to the hospital for observation and may need blood transfusions to restore the blood loss. [Updated 2018 Nov 14]. Confusion. Some people require immediate surgery. The spleen can become damaged or may burst (rupture) after an injury, such as a blow to the abdomen, a car accident, a sporting accident or broken ribs. if no ongoing bleeding it should heal and anticipate a normal length of life. The spleen is an organ about the size of a fist, located in the left upper abdomen, near the stomach. A ruptured spleen can potentially be life-threatening if it is not treated quickly. Find the latest information from the globally recognized leader in digestive diagnosis, treatments and surgical innovations. Chiotoroiu AL, Venter DM, Negoi I, et al. The spleen is a small organ located in the upper left quadrant of the abdomen under the ribcage (well above and far left of the belly button).

Surgery always has additional risks involved, which include bleeding, infection, or blood clots. 's' : ''}}. The spleen is part of the lymphatic system, which helps fight infection and also filters the blood.

But, the spleen is also the most often injured organ in sport-related abdominal injuries! A ruptured spleen occurs after blunt force trauma to the left side of the abdomen. Subscribe to newsletters for the latest medication news, alerts, new drug approvals and more. DOI:10.11604/pamj.2014.19.324.5749. What Are the Symptoms of Internal Bleeding?

Diagnostics. The spleen plays an important role in helping your body fight off infections. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Most ruptured spleens are due to trauma, in which case most of the time they are surgically removed. A ruptured spleen may cause serious blood leaks inside your body. All of the circulation of blood and lymph through the spleen makes it a prime candidate for bleeding if injured.

Depending on the extent of the injury and bleeding, the doctor may perform a splenorrhaphy, which repairs the spleen by using stitches; he may remove part of the spleen, or he may do a splenectomy, which removes the spleen completely. The youngest patient's have the best shot at keeping their spleen without bleeding to death. 2019;9(4):152. doi:10.3390/diagnostics9040152. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center.

Akoury T, Whetstone DR. Splenic Rupture. © 1998-2019 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). In athletes, this is the most common cause of death related to an abdominal injury. Other symptoms, which are associated with a decrease in blood pressure due to internal bleeding, include: Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 09/28/2018. In rare cases, a ruptured spleen can occur spontaneously without trauma. If left untreated, bleeding from a ruptured spleen can very quickly lead to hypovolemia (when plasma portion of the blood is too low) and shock (a medical condition that decreases blood flow to the brain).. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. You can live without a spleen if you had surgery to remove it.

Updated October 1, 2019. Journal of the American Medical Association. Surgery for a ruptured spleen can include: Removing the spleen (splenectomy).


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