alice ball fun facts

[4], Ball went on to study chemistry at the University of Washington,[2][9] earning a bachelor's degree in pharmaceutical chemistry in 1912 and a second bachelor's degree in the science of pharmacy two years later in 1914. Her mother also worked as a photographer. Even so, Ball remained largely forgotten from scientific history until recently. In 1915 she became the first woman and first Black American to graduate with a master's degree from the College of Hawaii. He published a paper in 1922 giving credit to Ball, calling the injectable form of the oil the "Ball method." 36-39.

Her research led her to create the first injectable leprosy treatment using oil from the chaulmoogra tree, which up until then, was only a moderately successful topical agent that was used in Chinese and Indian medicine.

[11] On the same day, the former Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, Mazie Hirono, declared February 29 "Alice Ball Day," which is now celebrated every four years.

She was one of four children, with two older brothers, William and Robert, and a younger sister, Addie. The “Ball Method” was so successful, leprosy patients were discharged from hospitals and facilities across the globe including from Kalaupapa, an isolation facility on the north shore of Molokai, Hawaii where thousands of people suffering from leprosy died in years prior. These blisters formed in perfect rows and made it look "as if the patient's skin had been replaced by bubble wrap". American chemist who developed an oil extract which served as the most effective known treatment of leprosy until the 1940's. Dean even claimed her discovery for himself, calling it the “Dean Method.” Unfortunately, it was commonplace for men to take the credit of women’s discoveries and Ball fell victim to this practice. [11] It was reported that Ball was giving a demonstration on how to properly use a gas mask in preparation for an attack, as World War I was raging in Europe. "Wonder Women: 25 Innovators, Inventors, and Trailblazers Who Changed History." [5][3] Her mother also worked as a photographer.

Alice Augusta Ball was an African American chemist who developed the first successful treatment for those suffering from Hansen’s disease (leprosy). After numerous decades they were able to bring her efforts and achievements to light, giving her the credit she earned. [2] In March 2016 Hawaiʻi Magazine placed Ball on its list of the most influential women in Hawaiian history.

[11], At the time, leprosy or Hansen's Disease was a highly stigmatized disease with virtually no chance of recovery. [22][23] In 2019 the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine added her name to the frieze atop its main building, along with Florence Nightingale and Marie Curie, in recognition of their contributions to science and global health research. [10] Publishing such an article in a respected scientific journal was an uncommon accomplishment for a woman and especially for a Black woman at this time. Quirk Books: pp.

The Balls lived in Seattle’s Central District where James worked as a lawyer and Laura as a photographer. [2][18] In 2007 the University Board of Regents honored Ball with a Medal of Distinction, the school's highest honor.

Her grandfather, James Ball Sr., was a famous photographer, and one of the first Black Americans to make use of daguerr… In 2000, the University of Hawaii-Mānoa placed a bronze plaque in front of a chaulmoogra tree on campus to honor Ball’s life and her important discovery. In 1903, they moved from chilly Seattle to the warm weather of Honolulu in hopes that James Ball Sr.'s, arthritis pains would be alleviated.

Contact Us | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Copyright, Celebrities Interesting Facts By Nationality, Celebrities Interesting Facts By Profession. But the treatment was not very effective, and every method of application had problems. Alice Augusta Ball (July 24, 1892 – December 31, 1916) was an African American chemist who developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment for leprosy until the 1940s. [25] University of Hawaii students have asked whether more should be done to resolve the wrongful actions of former President Dean, including proposals to rename Dean Hall after Ball instead. We strive for accuracy and fairness. She was offered a teaching and research position there and became the institution’s very first woman chemistry instructor. Her story is depicted in the 2016 movie 'Hidden Figures.'. [8] After returning to Seattle, Ball attended Seattle High School and achieved top grades in the sciences. Sadly, James Ball Sr. died shortly after their move and the family relocated back to Seattle. [6][13][14] The isolated ethyl ester remained the preferred treatment for leprosy until sulfonamide drugs were developed in the 1940s.[6]. Ball was also the very first African American and the first woman to graduate with a M.S. [6] Dean published the findings without giving Ball credit, and named the technique after himself. [3] She was one of four children, with two older brothers, William and Robert, and a younger sister, Addie. She was also the first woman and first African American to graduate from the University of Hawaii with a master's degree. https://www.biography.com/scientist/alice-ball. [1] A 1917 Pacific Commercial Advertiser article suggested that the cause may have been chlorine poisoning due to exposure while teaching in the laboratory. Alice Ball interesting facts, biography, family, updates, life, childhood facts, information and more: Alice Augusta Ball (July 24, 1892 – December 31, 1916) was an African American chemist who developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment for leprosy until the 1940s. She is credited for being an instigator in the Stonewall riots.

The family enjoyed a middle-class lifestyle. [16] Unfortunately, due to her untimely death, Ball was unable to publish her revolutionary findings. [3], The first recognition of Ball's work came six years after her death when, in 1922, she was briefly mentioned in a medical journal, with her method being called the "Ball Method". Ernest Everett Just was an African American biologist and educator best known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially in fertilization. [20] After the work of many historians at the University of Hawaii including Kathryn Takara and Stanley Ali, the University of Hawaii finally honored Ball in 2000 by dedicating a plaque to her on the school's only chaulmoogra tree behind Bachman Hall. After earning undergraduate degrees in pharmaceutical chemistry (1912) and pharmacy (1914) from the University of Washington, Alice Ball transferred to the College of Hawaii (now known as the University of Hawaii) and became the very first African American and the very first woman to graduate with a M.S. It was too sticky to be effectively used topically, and as an injection the oil's viscous consistency caused it to clump under the skin and form blisters rather than being absorbed.

Her amazing life was cut too short at the age of 24. Who knows what other marvelous work she could have accomplished had she lived.”. [12], At the University of Hawaii, Ball investigated the chemical makeup and active principle of Piper methysticum (kava) for her master's thesis. [1][4] Alongside her pharmacy instructor, Williams Dehn, she published a 10-page article, "Benzoylations in Ether Solution", in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. [17] Arthur L. Dean, a chemist and later the president of the University of Hawaii, stole her work, published the findings, and began producing large quantities of the injectable chaulmoogra extract. Ball was also the very … One of America's most beloved comedians, Lucille Ball is particularly known for her iconic television show 'I Love Lucy.'. [4] Her family was middle-class and well off, as Ball's father was a newspaper editor of the Colored Citizen, photographer, and lawyer. Chaulmoogra oil has been the best treatment available for leprosy for hundreds of years, and Ball developed a much more effective injectable form. She was also the first woman and first African American to graduate … Marie M. Daly is best known for being the first African American woman to receive a Ph.D. in chemistry in the United States. He died shortly after the move and in 1905 they relocated back to Seattle after only a year in Hawaii. Alice Augusta Ball was an African American chemist who developed the first successful treatment for those suffering from Hansen’s disease (leprosy). During her brief lifetime, she did not get to see the full impact of her discovery.

He is widely known for 'Roots' and 'The Autobiography of Malcolm X.'. Because of this research and her understanding of the chemical makeup of plants, she was later approached by Dr. Harry T. Hollmann to study chaulmoogra oil and its chemical properties. [1] Ball was also the first African American "research chemist and instructor" in the College of Hawaii's chemistry department.

Marsha P. Johnson was an African American transgender woman and revolutionary LGBTQ rights activist. On July 24, 1892, Laura and James Ball welcomed their first daughter, Alice Ball, to their family.

Tragically, Ball died at the young age of 24. Acknowledging the importance of Ball’s work through this scholarship, Wermager stated: “Not only did she overcome the racial and gender barriers of her time to become one of the very few African American women to earn a master’s degree in chemistry, [but she] also developed the first useful treatment for Hansen’s disease. Her grandfather, James P. Ball Sr., was a well-known photographer and was amongst the first to practice daguerreotype photography, a process of printing photographs onto metal plates. Alice Augusta Ball was an African American chemist who developed an injectable oil extract that was the most effective treatment for leprosy until the 1940s. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! Some researchers have suggested that her parents' and grandfather's love for photography may have played a role in her love for chemistry, as they worked with mercury vapors and iodine sensitized silver plates to develop photos. Unfortunately, she still remained forgotten in the scientific record. During her childhood, Ball lived in Honolulu for a few years before returning to Seattle w… We would like to express to you our deepest thanks for your contribution. Ball’s scientific rigor resulted in a highly successful method to alleviate leprosy symptoms, later known as the “Ball Method,” that was used on thousands of infected individuals for over thirty years until sulfone drugs were introduced. It was not until years after her death that Hollmann attempted to correct this injustice. [13] Because of this work, she was contacted by Dr Harry T. Hollmann at Kalihi Hospital in Hawaii, who needed an assistant for his research into the treatment of leprosy. Her technique involved isolating ester compounds from the oil and chemically modifying them, producing a substance that retained the oil's therapeutic properties and was absorbed by the body when injected. [2] Her grandfather, James Ball Sr., was a famous photographer, and one of the first Black Americans to make use of daguerreotypy,[6][7] the process of printing photographs onto metal plates. Former Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii, Mazie Hirono, also declared February 29 “Alice Ball Day.” In 2007, the University of Hawaii posthumously awarded her with the Regents’ Medal of Distinction. People diagnosed with leprosy were exiled to the Hawaiian island of Molokai with the expectation that they would die there.

She received an offer from the University of California Berkeley, as well as the College of Hawaii (now the University of Hawaii), where she decided to study for a master's degree in chemistry. Ball died on December 31, 1916, at age 24. In 1922, six years after her death, Dr. Harry T. Hollmann, the assistant surgeon at Kalihi Hospital who originally encouraged Ball to explore chaulmoogra oil, published a paper giving Ball the proper credit she deserved.

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